“Removal of architectural barriers for a better future, without barriers, without discrimination”.
The removal of architectural barriers represents an index of civilization for each country and it is an objective of primary importance, both at urban and building level.
Architectural barriers are physical obstacles, which prevent the usability of spaces for people with reduced or absent motion capabilities or with disabilities that complicate their orientation.
Architectural barriers, refers also to the lack of adequate signals of any dangers or orientation, which help people with visual impairment, blind or hearing impaired.
Architectural barriers in buildings
The elimination of architectural barriers should be a primary objective in the design of any type of building, just as it is important to intervene on all existing assets and make buildings accessible, especially public ones. The presence of architectural barriers means disparity and discrimination in terms of potential access.
There are different degrees of removal of architectural barriers three indications:
Accessibility: that is, the possibility to reach buildings and real estate units – easily using all spaces in conditions of safety and autonomously. Accessibility is mandatory for all external spaces relevant to a building, common areas, workplaces, environments intended for social activities, schools, cultural, sports, social welfare services and public buildings in general.
Adaptability: this is the possibility over time to intervene on the environments and make them completely usable, making changes of limited extent, relating to services, passages or doors and vertical movement systems, such as hoists and lifts.
Visitability: this is the possibility of accessing spaces of a building, such as living room, dining room or relational spaces in work contexts, and at least one health service of each real estate unit. Visibility is a mandatory level for the above mentioned spaces of residences, accommodation facilities and places such as restaurants, churches or theatre.