Nearly two million people amongst women and men in Thailand, which represent about the 3% of the population, have a disability. The majority of people with disabilities live in rural areas. Data from a survey, carried out by the National Statistics Office, shows that 65% of people with disabilities are over the age of 15.
Women and men with disabilities can and want to be productive members of society, in all developed and developing countries. Governments promote employment and opportunities for people with disabilities, recognizing the need to dismantle architectural barriers to build more accessible environment.
The Thai Constitution B.E. 2540 (1997) and B.E. 2550 (2007), adopted in 1997 and amended in 2007, contains provisions against discrimination based on physical or health conditions and ensures accessibility to social services and assistance for people with disabilities.
- People with Disabilities Laws B.E. 2550 (2007) is a comprehensive rights-based law for people with disabilities and contains an anti-discrimination component. Repeals the rehabilitation of Disabled Persons Act A.D. 1991 (B.E.2534), which was the first disability law in Thailand.
- The Rights Declaration of People with Disabilities in Thailand (December 3, 1998), approved and signed by the former Prime Minister, is a promise made by the Thais to people with disabilities. It is now used as a reference for provision of services for people with disabilities
- United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (2006) and optional protocol, ratified on 29 July 2008. Thailand is also working to achieve the goals set in the Biwako Millennium Framework for Action and Biwako plus Five towards an Inclusive, Barrier-free and Rights-based Society for the second Asian and Pacific Decade of people with Disabilities.
Building Structures Act for disables, handicapped and elderly BE2548 (2005). The act contains provisions related to the limitation of the rights and freedoms of people. References could be found in Section 29, Section 31, Section 35, Section 48, Section 49 and Section 50 of the Constitution Of the Kingdom of Thailand Enact by virtue of Power under the provisions of law the Minister of the Domestic Affair.